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   Birch Avenue

STREET INFORMATION

Name

Birch Avenue

Laid out

1927

Last Entry Update

11/1/2015


DESCRIPTION

Note: Information regarding streetscapes is based a streetscape inventory conducted in 1980 with information placed on the NJ Historical Commission's Streetscape Inventory Forms. Pertinent information - description, history, number of resources, etc. was revised based on the 2015 survey of Witherspoon-Jackson neighborhood resulting in the information below. Numbers such as "1109-7-S13" refer to the individual 1980 Streetscape forms.

Birch Avenue (Between Witherspoon and Race Streets) – 1109-7-S2 (revised 2015)

Birch Avenue (2015)

Birch Avenue is more suburban and 20th century in feeling than the narrow streets that comprise the rest of this neighborhood. Birch has small lots to be sure, but houses thereon are generally set farther back from the street (15 feet) and have front lawns. Houses chiefly date from the early 20th century and have been no longer exhibit their original siding or windows. Most are 2.5-story, 3-bay dwellings with full-width porches and front end gable roofs, a form that was used, with modifications, until about 1930. Many of the houses are plain in character. Numbers 21-31 are identical 1.5-story bungalows; numbers 55, 57, 69 and 73 are the same 2-bay, 2.5-story residences with front-end gables. By and large, these are single family houses. Number 421/2, the Morning Star Church, is in mid-block made of painted cinderblock. According to the 1980 survey, “This street presents no features of architectural interest.”

It should be noted that like all streets in the neighborhood, sidewalks line the street. The street is mainly lined with trees, however this section is more open than most. This areas is almost entirely residences.

Approximate number of buildings: 64 in 2015; 33 in 1980.

Birch Avenue (Between Race Street and Bayard Lane) – 1109-7-S4 (revised 2015)

Birch Avenue between Race and Bayard presents one of the most regular streetscape patterns in Witherspoon-Jackson. The north side of Birch Avenue in this block is characterized by five two-story, end-gabled, frame houses that are believed to have been relocated here from the Palmer Square development in the 1930s (possibly Baker Street). The south side of the street contains six, two-story houses with shallow hipped-roofs. These houses, c. 1930-1940, are known as the “Rainbow Houses” for their varied colors, however some are now simply white. They differ in massing and, in contrast with most houses in the neighborhood, do not contain front porches. This area is one of the few areas in the neighborhood that was developed with identical homes, thus creating a regular pattern of buildings and setbacks. Commercial buildings, including a gas station, are located at Birch Avenue’s intersection with Bayard, which contrasts with the remainder of the street. This area is perhaps the least dense as houses are generally further apart and set back slightly more from the sidewalk. Sidewalks and mature shade trees line the streets.

Approximate number of buildings: 20 in 2015; 25 in 1980


HISTORY

Laid out in in mid-1920s through the former Albert Leigh building complex. See additional information in description above.


LINKS

 


UPDATE

If you have additional information or corrections to the existing information, send an email to ekim@princetonnj.gov.
Submitted information is reviewed by the Princeton HPC prior to updating the database.


PHOTOGRAPHS


2015 Photo
Birch Avenue, facing west from a point near the west end; the Rainbow house


2015 Photo
Birch Avenue, facing east, showing the houses on the north side that were r


2015 Photo
Birch Avenue, east end, facing east


2015 Photo
Birch Avenue, facing west from a point near its center.


HISTORIC PROPERTIES

8 Birch Avenue
9 Birch Avenue
12 Birch Avenue
13 Birch Avenue
14-16 Birch Avenue
14 Birch Avenue (vacant), 14 Birch Avenue
17 Birch Avenue (vacant), 17 Birch Avenue
21 Birch Avenue
24 BIRCH AVE
25 Birch Avenue
27 Birch Avenue
28 BIRCH AVE
31 Birch Avenue
32 BIRCH AVE
35 Birch Avenue
36 BIRCH AVE
40 BIRCH AVE
Morning Star Church of God in Christ, 41 Birch Avenue
44 BIRCH AVE
45 Birch Avenue
48 BIRCH AVE
49 Birch Avenue
51-53 Birch Avenue
52 BIRCH AVE
54 BIRCH AVE
57 Birch Avenue
58 BIRCH AVE
64 BIRCH AVE
65 Birch Avenue
68 BIRCH AVE
69 Birch Avenue
73 Birch Avenue
85 Birch Avenue
86 BIRCH AVE
89 Birch Avenue
90 Birch Avenue
91 Birch Avenue
93 Birch Avenue
94 Birch Avenue
97 Birch Avenue
98 Birch Avenue
102 Birch Avenue
106 Birch Avenue
107 Birch Avenue
110 Birch Avenue (vacant), 110 Birch Avenue
111 Birch Avenue
114 Birch Avenue (vacant), 114 Birch Avenue
115 Birch Avenue (vacant), 115 Birch Avenue
118 Birch Avenue
121 Birch Avenue
122 Birch Avenue
Witherspoon Lodge #178, IBPOE of W (Elks Lodge), 124-26 Birch Avenue
125 Birch Avenue (vacant), 125 Birch Avenue
129 Birch Avenue
132 Birch Avenue
133 Birch Avenue
138 Birch Avenue
142 Birch Avenue
143 Birch Avenue
146 Birch Avenue
147 Birch Avenue
148 Birch Avenue (vacant), 148 Birch Avenue
165-171 Birch Avenue
174-178 Birch Avenue
175-179 Birch Avenue
182 Birch Avenue
183 Birch Avenue
186 Birch Avenue
187 Birch Avenue
190-194 Birch Avenue
195 Birch Avenue
198 Birch Avenue
199-203 Birch Avenue
202 Birch Avenue
206 Birch Avenue
207-211 Birch Avenue
210 Birch Avenue
214-218 Birch Avenue
215-219 Birch Avenue
222-226 Birch Avenue
223 Birch Avenue
227 Birch Avenue (vacant), 227 Birch Avenue
230-234 Birch Avenue
231 Birch Avenue (vacant), 231 Birch Avenue
233 Birch Avenue (vacant), 233 Birch Avenue


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